Insolvency Oracle

Developments in UK insolvency by Michelle Butler


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Money Laundering Regulations 2017 – Part 1: Infrastructure Changes

 

“For Insolvency Practitioners there is relatively little change” stated one RPB’s notice to members on the Money Laundering Regulations 2017, but another RPB stated that the new regs “will have wide-reaching changes for accountancy firms and IPs”.   If two RPBs have such polar views on the overall impact of the new regs, this doesn’t bode well for a common approach to compliance with the MLR17.

I have great sympathy for the RPBs, though. The final regulations were only released late on Thursday 22 June and they came into force on Monday 26 June. They also contained some well-hidden changes from the draft regulations and there was no quick way of understanding their consequences. I suspect I was not the only one who spent their weekend scrutinising 116 pages of new legislation and thinking: this is an impossible task for us all!

In this first post on the Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds (Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017 (“MLR17”), I review the regulations’ impact on the systems involved in managing an insolvency practice:

  • The different approaches expected of large and small firms
  • The appointment of a new person responsible for compliance
  • The need to screen relevant employees
  • The independent audit function
  • Drafting policies, controls and procedures
  • The expanded syllabus for staff training
  • Timely destruction of certain records
  • Drafting a firm-wide risk assessment
  • Seeking “approval” from your Supervisory Authority

The MLR17 can be found at: https://goo.gl/ei8ZB1

Some useful guides on the topic:

 

“Size and nature” matter

In six places, the MLR17 require relevant persons (i.e. those carrying out MLR17-regulated activities) to have regard to the size and nature of their business when seeking to comply with the regs. For example, Reg 19(2) requires relevant persons to adopt policies, controls and procedures that are “proportionate with regard to the size and nature of the relevant person’s business”.

Reg 21 states that, “where appropriate with regard to the size and nature of its business, a relevant person must:

  1. appoint one individual who is a member of the board of directors… or of its senior management as the officer responsible for the relevant person’s compliance with these Regulations;
  2. carry out screening of relevant employees..;
  3. establish an independent audit function…”

What are the RPBs’ expectations here? I cannot see any grey area in complying with Reg 21: either you endeavor to meet all (or some?) of these requirements or you determine that the measures are not appropriate having regard to the size and nature of your business. Where does the threshold between complying with Reg 21 and justifiably ignoring it lie?

I suspect that, at least in the short term, the regulators will say: you demonstrate to us how you’ve come to a conclusion. But they are the ones with the helicopter view of the profession(s) and they are the ones in direct contact with HM Treasury and all the other Supervisory Authorities. Can they not guide their regulated members?

To determine what is appropriate and proportionate, the MLR17 specifically refer to following guidance issued by the FCA or by any other Supervisory Authority or appropriate body and approved by HM Treasury. At present, all that IPs have is the 2008 CCAB Guidance, which I think is woefully inadequate in view of the shift from MLR07 to MLR17.

At the moment, different RPBs seem to be suggesting different expectations on compliance with Reg 21, which is not surprising given how swiftly the MLR17 were enacted. Whilst, understandably, the RPBs stick to the strict wording of Reg 21, they elaborate the idea with phrases such as:

  • IPA: “Large firms must…”
  • ICAS: “requirement for firms of a certain size…”
  • ICAS: “requirements don’t apply to sole practitioners with no staff and no subcontractors”
  • ICAEW: “Sole practitioners with no employees are exempt from this requirement”

Thus, it seems to me that all we can glean is that “large firms” definitely need to comply with these Reg 21 items, “sole practitioners with no employees” (and possibly no subcontractors either) do not, but everyone in between..? Your guess is as good as mine.

 

Reg 21: Infrastructure Changes

It is evident from the Reg 21 quote above that infrastructure changes are necessary for at least some firms:

  • Board/senior level appointment of someone responsible for compliance

All three RPBs have asked to be informed of the appointment of such a person, as is required under the MLR17. Reg 21 also requires firms to notify their RPB of the identity of the first-appointed MLRO (I have not seen any RPB ask for this, so I assume MLR17-appointed MLROs are viewed as simply carrying on from their MLR07 appointment) and any change in identity of the MLRO or other Reg 21 appointed person within 14 days of the change.

This may be, but does not have to be, the same person who acts as MLRO, a position that is repeated in the MLR17. ICAS is calling this person the BSMLP (board or senior management level person) and ICAEW is calling them the MLCP (money laundering compliance person). The IPA has not given them a name.

  • Employee-screening

“Relevant employees” are those involved in the firm’s compliance with the MLR17 as well as those “capable of contributing” to the identification, prevention, detection or risk-mitigation of money laundering or terrorist financing – so, for insolvency practices, I would think about all those working in compliance, cashiering, case administration and take-on. As employee-screening and staff-training are themselves MLR17 requirements, anyone involved in those activities would also be “relevant employees”.

The draft regs had included “agents” in this screening process, but “agents” were removed from the final version (which might explain why the IPA’s notice to members still referred, I think incorrectly, to screening agents).

“Screening” means “an assessment of the skills, knowledge and expertise of the individual to carry out their functions effectively and the conduct and integrity of the individual”. I suspect these items are generally covered in recruitment and appraisal processes, but they will need to be adequately documented in future specifically with the MLR17 in mind.

Reg 21 requires “relevant employees” to be screened, both before they are appointed and whilst so employed.

  • Independent audit function

Two questions came immediately to my mind: how independent is “independent” and what constitutes an “audit”?

  • What is an “audit”?

Reg 21 describes it as entailing the following:

  1. An examination and evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of the policies, controls and procedures adopted (see below)
  2. recommendations in relation to those policies, controls and procedures; and
  3. monitoring compliance with those recommendations.

This sounds very much like the process followed for the ICAEW’s Insolvency Compliance Reviews. Indeed, the ICAEW believes that firms’ money laundering compliance reviews, which they should already be performing, address the MLR17 requirement. ICAS is awaiting confirmation on how their current compliance review requirement stacks up against this audit requirement. The IPA has not made any comment, although I cannot see that the self certification process bears any resemblance to what is required here.

  • How independent is “independent”?

As far as I can see, the ICAEW is the only RPB that has made any comment: “you should make sure that your Money Laundering Compliance Principal is responsible for performing this review”. The Law Society explains: “the regulations do not state that the independent audit function has to be external to your firm, but it should be independent of the specific function being reviewed”. It seems to me, therefore, that if the “MLCP” is heavily involved in, say, the customer due diligence process, then they might not be the right person for the job.

 

Reg 19: Policies, Controls and Procedures

I’ll skip through this section quickly, not because it is unimportant – I accept that it is vital and I suspect it will feature heavily in monitoring visits – but because it is so dull! Sorry, it had to be said.

All firms will need to maintain written policies, controls and procedures covering pretty-much all relevant areas of compliance with the MLR17. I think that anyone drafting these would do well to tick off every Reg 19 item plus carry out an overall sense-check, much as we would double-check a SIP16 Statement.

These policies, controls and procedures must also:

  • be approved by the firm’s “senior management” (defined, I think quite widely, in Reg 3);
  • be regularly reviewed and updated, with all changes made being documented in writing; and
  • be communicated within the firm, with such steps taken (and steps to communicate any changes) being documented in writing.

Regs 19 and 20 adds further requirements for firms with overseas subsidiaries or branches.

 

Reg 24: Staff Training

Of course, the MLR07 required regular staff training, so have things changed under the MLR17?

Setting aside the vague “size and nature” references to what “appropriate measures” might look like, the material changes are that:

  • measures must include making relevant employees aware of, not only the usual MLR matters, but also of “the requirements of data protection, which are relevant to the implementation of these Regulations”

Data protection newly features elsewhere in the MLR17, most practically around record-keeping (see below) and in the client take-on process (which I will cover in a future blog), although it would also be relevant to make employees aware of the principles around handling personal data gathered for the purposes of complying with the MLR17 (Reg 41).

  • a written record must be maintained of the “measures taken” and “in particular, of the training given”.

I’m sure we’re used to documenting evidence that staff have completed regular MLR training, but the above quote indicates that we should document other measures taken to make staff aware, perhaps for example the receipt of induction training, staff handbooks and manuals.

 

Reg 40: Record-Keeping

Although the MLR17 have retained the MLR07’s basic standard of 5 years for record-keeping, there is a problematic change in emphasis.

Both MLRs require customer due diligence records to be retained for “at least” 5 years, but the MLR17 require any personal data contained in these records to be deleted after 5 years from the completion of an occasional transaction or the end of the business relationship. The MLR17 also put the same record-keeping requirements on documents to support transactions that are the subject of customer due diligence measures or ongoing monitoring.

Although there are some exceptions to this deletion requirement, e.g. where the records need to be retained for legal proceedings, this could add a burden to firms whose systems are set up to store records to a 6- or 10-year standard. To be fair though, the data protection principles have for a long time now included that personal data should not be kept for longer than is necessary, so the implementation of smarter archiving practices may be long overdue.

 

Reg 18: the Relevant Person’s Risk Assessment

Personally, I think this Reg may present the greatest challenge: a relevant person must “take appropriate steps to identify and assess the risks of money laundering and terrorist financing to which its business is subject”. This is not referring to the risk assessment carried out as part of the customer due diligence process. This is a risk assessment of the relevant person’s business, i.e. where do the risks lie in the work undertaken by the IP?

  • What is the purpose of this risk assessment?

It needs to feed into:

  • the design and maintenance of the policies, procedures and controls;
  • decisions regarding employee-screening and the independent audit function; and
  • the extent of customer due diligence measures taken in each case, including (but not only) whether enhanced or simplified due diligence should apply.

The MLR17 state that relevant persons must provide their risk assessment to their Supervisory Authority on request. Supervisory Authorities must review firms’ risks assessments (on a risk-based approach) and the IPA has stated that it will be reviewed as part of routine monitoring visits.

  • How do you write the risk assessment?

The IPA and the ICAEW direct members to the CCAB’s current Guidance: https://goo.gl/LBgRKX. It’s true, Section 4 of the Guidance provides some pointers, but personally I think the Guidance is showing its age, as the MLR17 add more to the statutory list of risk factors that you need to consider than are covered by the Guidance. Therefore, if you do refer to the Guidance, I would also recommend cross-checking against Reg 18 itself to make sure that you have captured everything relevant.

The Reg 18 risk factors that you need to consider (although there could be others) are:

  • your “customers”;
  • the countries or geographic areas in which you operate;
  • your products or services;
  • the transactions you engage in or handle; and
  • your delivery channels.

The task requires some lateral thinking to see these risk factors through an IP’s eyes, but I think it is a valuable exercise: one of the problems with MLR07 is that it all became process-driven, it soon boiled down to ticking boxes seemingly with the sole purpose of confirming identities. I think these new regs are an opportunity for us to take a fresh look at the risks: in what areas of our work are we most – and least – likely to encounter money laundering or terrorist financing? What services or transactions could be attractive – or prohibitive – to potential money launderers? Simply considering these questions could help us and staff to be more alert to strange potential clients, behaviours or requests.

Admittedly, this still doesn’t help much in drafting the risk assessment. If it is any consolation, the ICAEW has stated that, as the risk assessment will depend on the size and nature of your firm, the overall risk assessment of a small firm “may be quite succinct”.

 

Reg 26: Seeking the Approval of the Supervisory Authorities

The MLR17 give the Supervisory Authorities a great deal of new work to do. (I wonder how all this extra work is going to be paid for..?) For example, they need to conduct their own risk assessment and must create risk profiles of their members to inform their monitoring activities.

Reg 26 creates a whole new “approval” process, not only for licensed IPs, but also for firms’, beneficial owners, officers and managers (which include MLROs). The Supervisory Authority’s approval must be granted unless the person has been convicted of a “relevant offence” (Schedule 3 to the MLR17 lists 35 such offences).

  • What if we’re not yet “approved”?

Those requiring approval can act as IPs, beneficial owners, officers or managers of relevant firms provided that they apply for approval before 26 June 2018. Although Reg 26(4) states that “a relevant firm must take reasonable care to ensure that no-one is appointed, or continues to act, as an officer or manager of the firm unless they have been approved or have applied for approval and the application has not yet been determined”, my enquiries to the main RPBs suggest that they are not viewing this provision as being triggered until 26 June 2018 (and who can blame them, given the lack of notice we have all had?!), i.e. provided that we take steps before 26 June 2018 to become approved, there should be nothing to worry about.

Indications from the main RPBs are that the approval application process will become clear around licence-renewal time.

  • Who is my Supervisory Authority?

Under the MLR07, I think the answer to the above question gradually became clear. The MLR07 had stated that each professional body was the Supervisory Authority for relevant persons regulated by it. Therefore, for example, if I held my insolvency licence with the ICAEW, but I was also an ordinary member of the IPA, the ICAEW would be my Supervisory Authority, as ordinary membership of the IPA carries no real regulation with it (I just need to make sure I comply with the membership rules).

However, the MLR17 introduced a small but significant change. Reg 7(1)(b) states that:

“each of the professional bodies listed in Schedule 1 is the supervisory authority for relevant persons who are members of it, or regulated or supervised by it”.

Therefore, it seems to me that, under the above scenario, I would now have two Supervisory Authorities. I suspect there are lots of members of professional bodies who look to a different body to act as its regulator, especially considering the wide range of activities falling under the MLR17.

Whilst having two Supervisory Authorities is nothing new (as IPA-licensed IPs working in an accountancy practice know well), I think that these developments – the widened scope from solely regulated members to members generally, the introduction of new approval processes (which may require applications to more than one body?) and the additional expensive burdens falling on Supervisory Authorities – may lead members to question the value of paying annual subs to more than one body.

Alternatively, perhaps we will get some clarification on the interaction of multiple Supervisory Authorities. Both MLRs encourage cooperation between bodies so that regulatory efforts are not duplicated, but we have seen little such cooperation to date.

 

Your to-do list

In summary, I think you might tackle the practice-level changes brought about by the MLR17 as follows (depending, of course, on what is proportionate and appropriate with regard to the size and nature of the business):

  1. Document the appointment of a principal as the person responsible for the firm’s MLR17 compliance and inform your Supervisory Authority/Authorities of the appointment
  2. Create/refresh the firm-wide risk assessment based on Reg 18
  3. Create/revisit policies, controls and procedures for meeting all aspects of the MLR17 based on Reg 19 (including revised due diligence measures etc., which I have not covered above) and document their approval by the firm’s senior management
  4. Included in (3) should be incorporation of MLR-specific assessments in staff recruitment and appraisal processes per Reg 21
  5. Also included in (3) should be a revisit of the firm’s archiving processes to ensure that due diligence documentation is held in line with Reg 40
  6. Carry out a staff training session to communicate 2, 3, 4 and 5 above and retain evidence of who has received what training and what new documentation
  7. Schedule a review of the procedures etc. (the “independent audit”) for a few months after the new processes have been rolled out
  8. Ensure that the annual and induction MLR staff training provisions reflect the MLR17, including relevant data protection matters; if a suitable product is available (and if (6) above did not update staff on the MLR17 changes), consider running it early for existing staff

 

More Changes

Although this is a meaty to-do list already, I have not even started on the MLR17 changes impacting on our day-to-day business, such as the customer due diligence measures and ongoing monitoring.

In my next post, I will examine the changes from an engagement basis.


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2017: it’s not all about the Rules

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A watched kettle never boils, so I’ll stop watching for the new Rules to land – having missed their “aim” of w/c 10/10/16, the Insolvency Service is now claiming that it was always their “plan” to have them issued this month – and instead I’ll shift my focus to what other delights the next year may bring.

 

A Review of the Bonding Regime

What do you think? Is the bonding regime fit for purpose? Does it really work as an effective protection?

The Government has issued a Call for Evidence to explore the weaknesses and reform possibilities of the bonding regime. The opportunity for submissions closes on 16 December 2016 and the Insolvency Service’s document can be found at: https://goo.gl/wiKc0K.

The document notes that the Insolvency Service has “seen evidence where the costs claimed by an insolvency practitioner in proving a bond claim are disproportionate to the loss suffered by the insolvent estate”, whilst the specific penalty bond premiums have increased for smaller firms by 200% in one year. No wonder there are questions over whether bonding is achieving its objective.

The Call for Evidence explores questions (albeit worded differently) such as:

  • Would a system similar to the legal profession’s arrangements for dealing with fraud and dishonesty work for insolvency?
  • Could a solution be a “claims management protocol” incorporating a panel of IPs to deal with bond claims and ways to limit cost?
  • Alternatively, perhaps the bonding regime should be abolished altogether?

 

Complaints-handling by the RPBs

In September, the Insolvency Service released a summary of its review into the RPBs’ complaints-handling processes.

The Service reported that “the introduction of Common Sanctions Guidance has improved transparency in decision-making but there is scope to ensure more consistency in the application of the guidance”. The Service’s answer is to work with the RPBs to make changes to the guidance.

Three other main recommendations emerged from the review:

 1.  The RPBs should ensure that information is sought from the IP, e.g. “if the complainant has not provided or is unable to provide evidence to support their complaint”, unless there is a justified reason not to do so (whatever that looks like).

The report explains that “the most common reasons for closing a complaint at the assessment stage are the complainant’s failure to respond to further enquiries or their inability to provide evidence to support their complaint”. The Service also reports that “the review identified that some cases had been closed which appeared to merit further investigation”. Thus, the Service is recommending that RPBs look to the IPs for the information and evidence.

The Service seems to be expecting the RPBs to conduct thorough investigations on receipt of nothing more than unsupported suspicions raised by parties who then go to ground as soon as they’re asked to explain or substantiate their allegations. The Service also seems to take no account of the costs to IPs in responding to RPB requests, which of course are not recoverable from the insolvent estates irrespective of whether the complaint is founded. Isn’t it about time that the Service stopped labouring onto IPs more and more expensive burdens whilst simultaneously pursuing the agenda that IPs’ fees need to be curbed?

2.  The RPBs should consider with the Service the feasibility of a regulatory mechanism whereby compensation can be paid by the IP to the complainant where they have suffered inconvenience, loss, or distress.

The Service is recommending this measure “to ensure fair treatment for complainants”, given that some RPBs (but see below) have a compensation mechanism, but others do not. But how often do the RPBs order compensation? This information is conspicuous by its absence from the report.

From the report, it seems that the ACCA is the only RPB with a formal compensation mechanism. In view of the fact that the ACCA is handing over its complaints-handling to the IPA with effect from 1 January 2017, surely the simplest way to make things “fair” to all complainants is to have no compensation mechanism, isn’t it?

I also do not understand the Service’s logic in arguing that compensation should be offered “where minor errors or mistakes have been made”, whilst accepting that “any such mechanism would not be a substitute for any legal remedies available to individual complainants through the Courts”. Next thing we know the Service will be expecting the RPBs to decide whether fees are excessive on fairly straightforward cases, whilst accepting that decisions on really meaty fees should remain with the courts. Oh hang on a minute…

Unfortunately, the IPA is making it easy for the Service to push its agenda: the report mentions that the IPA intends to introduce a formal conciliation process in any event (which is news to me, as I suspect it is to most IPA members).

3.  RPBs experiencing particular issues progressing complaints cases should discuss their plans with the Service.

I think this is directed mainly at the ACCA, which has come in for some heavy criticism, as reported in the Insolvency Service’s monitoring reports over the last couple of years. Now that the ACCA has announced its “collaboration” with the IPA, which will investigate and decide on complaints levelled at ACCA licensed IPs (as well as conduct their monitoring visits), perhaps the Service already will be happy to tick that box.

To read the full report, go to: https://goo.gl/radZpS.

 

Action on Anti-Money Laundering

This subject really deserves a blog post of its own. The prospects for change are coming from all directions.

“Consent” SARs no more

Actually, this happened in July, but I’ve not seen it covered elsewhere, so I thought I would shoe-horn it in here. Although the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 refers to “consent”, the NCA has issued guidance clarifying that it will no longer be granting consent, but rather a “defence to a money laundering offence”.

The NCA has taken this step to counteract the “frequent misinterpretation of the effect of ‘consent’ (e.g. assuming that it results in permission to proceed, or is a statement that the money is ‘clean’ or that the NCA condoned the activity going ahead)”.

To request a “defence”, however, you will still need to tick the “consent requested” box on the SAR submission.

For a useful reminder on the purpose and process of consent/defence SARs, including the kinds of responses you might get back from the NCA, go to https://goo.gl/c8tJzk.

Allowing “joint” SARs and other proposals

In April, the Government (via HM Treasury) issued an “Action Plan”, representing “the most significant change to our anti-money laundering and terrorist finance regime in over a decade”, and the Government sought views on the proposed actions.

Amongst other things, the Government was proposing to reform SARs, given the enormous resource demand of c.400,000 SARs submitted each year. The proposals included doing away with the SARs consent/defence process altogether, which alarmed me considerably, but I was relieved to see that the Law Society and others (including R3, although I have to say that they were not as forceful as the LawSoc) urged the Government to reconsider.

The Government’s response on the consultation was issued earlier this month at https://goo.gl/pzezpx and the conclusions are reflected in the Criminal Finances Bill, which is now making its way through Parliament.

I can only see the proposed changes affecting IPs in exceptional cases, but in brief they include:

  • some changes to the SARs regime including empowering the NCA to obtain further information from SARs reporters, but the consent process will continue at least for the moment (“the Government will keep this issue under review”);
  • “establishing a new information sharing gateway for the exchange of data on suspicions… between private sector firms with immunity from civil liability” – I am interested to discover how this will be constructed, although the Government response does include reference to…
  • enabling “joint” SARs to be submitted, which I’m sure will be good news to all IPs who have been conscious of multiple SARs being submitted on cases involving external joint office holders and legal advisers;
  • introducing Unexplained Wealth Orders;
  • strengthening powers to seize and forfeit criminal proceeds in bank accounts or “portable high value items” such as gold.

The Fourth Money Laundering Directive

I understand that Brexit is unlikely to halt the progress of the EU’s Fourth Money Laundering Directive in the UK, which is set to be transposed into national law by 26 June 2017.

In September, HM Treasury issued a consultation on how the Directive should be implemented. The consultation document can be found at https://goo.gl/5AdhQd and it closes on 10 November 2016.

Items with the potential to affect IPs include:

  • a reduction in the threshold for cash or “occasional” transactions from €15,000 to €10,000;
  • changes in the criteria triggering simplified and enhanced due diligence;
  • a potential widening of the scope of those whose AML due diligence may be relied upon (which I find interesting given that the RPBs seem to recommend avoiding reliance);
  • potential prescription surrounding requirements for certain businesses to appoint compliance officers, to conduct employee screening, and to carry out independent audits;
  • a requirement to retain AML due diligence records for 10 years (up from 5 years); and
  • a requirement for certain Supervisors (i.e. the RPBs and others) to “take necessary measures to prevent criminals convicted in relevant areas or their associates from holding a management function in, or being the beneficial owners of” AML-regulated businesses (which, personally, I think is extremely unfair – for example, is it fair to curtail someone’s career because of what their father has done?). Although the consultation refers only to accountants, solicitors and some other businesses as needing this oversight, I would be surprised if IPs escape notice when any legislation is drafted.

 

More and More Changes in Scotland

Imminent changes

As we know, the new Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 2016 (and presumably the accompanying Regulations, which are yet to be finalised) come into force on 30 November 2016.

The AiB has headlined the Act and Regulations as “business as usual” but simply a cleaner and more straightforward reorganisation of the existing statutory instruments, the most material effect being that what was the Protected Trust Deeds (Scotland) Regulations 2013 has been written into the Act (all except from the forms, which are in the 2016 Regs).

However, inevitably the AiB has taken the opportunity to slip in a couple of changes. As drafted, the MAP asset threshold will be reduced from £5,000 to £2,000 (Regulation 14).

In its response to the AiB’s informal consultation on the draft Regulations, ICAS took the opportunity to raise a number of issues, including having another dig at the AiB’s compromising positions as both supervisor and supplier of debt management/relief services. As regards these expressions of concern and ICAS’ attempt to highlight the archaic “overly penal” use of an 8% statutory interest rate, I say: “good for them!”.

ICAS also points out apparent deficiencies in the Regulations’ treatment of money advisers, who are required under the draft Regulations to have a licence to use the Common Financial Statement, but the Money Advice Trust provides licences to organisations, not individuals. There also appears to be a flaw in the Regulations in that it does not allow a non-accountant/solicitor IP to be a money adviser if they or their employers provide other financial services.

To read ICAS’ response in full, go to: https://goo.gl/xSaKkv.

Future changes to PTDs and DAS

Earlier this year, the AiB ran consultations as part of their reviews of PTDs and DAS. The AiB published summaries of the consultation responses in July 2016 (see https://goo.gl/MW6gC5) and the AiB has promised its own responses “in the coming weeks”, although these have yet to emerge (not surprising really, given everything else going on!).

The scope of the consultation questions was vast and the reviews have the potential to affect many aspects of the two procedures.

 

New Restructuring Moratoriums and Plans… but no changes to rescue finance priority

Although the Government has not yet provided its response to the consultation, “A Review of the Corporate Insolvency Framework”, which ended on in July 2016, it has issued a summary of responses at https://goo.gl/Cf0LWK.

The summary does hint, however, that the Government is likely to take forward some of the proposals.

The introduction of a pre/extra-insolvency moratorium

If the Government were to go with the majority (yes I know, that’s a big “if”), the new moratorium:

  • would be initiated by a simple court filing;
  • would have stronger/more safeguards to protect creditors’ interests than as originally proposed;
  • potentially would not suspend directors’ liability for wrongful trading;
  • would be shorter than the originally proposed 3 months, probably 21 days;
  • could be extended without the need to obtain the approval of all secured creditors;
  • would not affect the length of any subsequent Administration (woo hoo!);
  • would be supervised only by a licensed IP (double woo hoo!);
  • would provide for costs incurred during the moratorium to be paid during the moratorium or, failing that, to enjoy a first charge if an insolvency process follows on; and
  • would provide creditors with the power to seek information (with certain safeguards and exemptions).

Essential suppliers to be held to ransom?

In contrast, consultation responses were split on whether more should be done to bind essential suppliers to keep on supplying during a moratorium or indeed during an Administration, CVA or potentially new “alternative restructuring plan”. The only clear majority response was that providing suppliers with recourse to court to object to being designated by the company as “essential” was an inadequate safeguard for suppliers.

The reaction? “Government notes stakeholder concerns and is continuing to consider the matter.”

A new restructuring plan with “cram down”

Cheekily, the consultation actually didn’t ask whether we saw value in a proposed new restructuring plan. It just asked how we saw it working.

The majority were in favour of a court-approved cram down process with the suggested addition that the cram down provisions could also apply to shareholders.

Will the long grass welcome back the proposal for super-priority rescue finance?

The Government had revived its 2009 proposal for super-priority rescue funding. Again this time, the response was pretty overwhelming with 73% disagreeing with the proposals.

 

Further Education Insolvencies

In July 2016, BIS issued a consultation that explored whether the usual insolvency procedures – as well as a Special Administration Regime – should be introduced to deal with insolvent further education and sixth form colleges in England.

The proposed objectives of the education Special Administration include to “avoid or minimise disruption to the studies of the existing students of the further education body as a whole”. The Government envisages that this emphasis would “provide more time than normal insolvency procedures to mitigate the risk that a college is wound up quickly and in a way which, by focusing only on creditors, would be likely to damage learners.”

Although a Government response has yet to be issued (the consultation closed on 5 August 2016), my scanning of a few published responses indicates that there are some loud objections to the idea from those working in the sector. Many of those who responded to the consultation also expressed exasperation that BIS issued a 4-week consultation over the holiday period, which does seem particularly insensitive in view of the intended audience (which strangely did not include IPs!).

 

Recast EC Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings

This is another piece of legislation that is set to come into force on 26 June 2017.

I admit that my partner, Jo Harris, is far more knowledgeable on this subject than me and personally I’m waiting for her to record a webinar on it, so that I can learn all about it (no pressure, Jo! 😉 ).

 

SIP13, SIP15… and many others

The JIC’s consultations on revised drafts of SIP13 and SIP15 closed many months ago. I understand that a revised SIP13 is very near to being issued and the aim is to have a revised SIP15 also issued before the end of the year.

Given that many of the SIPs refer to the Insolvency Rules 1986 – SIP8 on S98 meetings comes immediately to mind – many will need to be reviewed over the next 5 months if they are to remain reliable and relevant (although admittedly it has not stopped SIP13 continuing to refer to S23 meetings and Rule 2.2 reports, despite the fact that they were abolished in 2003!). Well, it’s not as if we have anything else to do, is it?!